Have you ever wondered how much data we created every day in the world? According to Domo’s Data Never Sleeps 5.0 report, there are 2.5 quintillion bytes of data created each day at our current pace. That pace is only accelerating with the growth of the Internet of Things (IoT). Over the last two years alone 90 percent of the data in the world was generated.
Nowadays these data could have incredible value. According to businessinsider.com, companies spent millions to obtain and interpret customer’s data. On the other hand, the government also utilize data to create on-target policy in order to solve their citizen’s problem, bureaucratic efficiencies, and elevating state’s economic growth. Underlying issue of this is the security and vulnerability of data, the constant wonder of how far the government can use the data, and how it affects the privacy of its citizens.
Ngobrol Jakarta, an event presented by CoHive in collaboration with Jakarta Smart City, discussed this issue titled Digitalization of Family Data through ‘Carik Jakarta’ (Digitalisasi Data Keluarga lewat ‘Carik Jakarta’). Held on Friday, 28th of February 2020 at JSC Hive by CoHive, South Jakarta, the event discussed how government officials use an app to collect the citizen’s data. Two speakers from startup and government agency shared their perspectives as well as insights on how to process the data to policy. They are Tuty Kusumawati (Head of Department of Empowerment, Child Protection and Population Control DKI Jakarta), Rahadian Rizky Prayoga (Senior Data Tech Consultant of IYKRA) and moderated by Damar Juniarto (SAFE Net).
Tuty explained that Carik is a data collection app used by the members of Empowerment of Family Welfare (PKK). Local government of Jakarta has so much data and the potential of that data to create programs for the betterment of Jakarta’s citizens. Carik Jakarta was launched to be a one-sourced data collector platform. There are steps of data collection to go through before putting them to the main database. First, recruitment of volunteers to conduct the data collection. The volunteers or Dasawisma are women from 10 neighboring homes, and they go through training and assessment before getting to the field. Dasawisma then will receive a card and bank account, which they will receive some amount of money to facilitate the collection process.
When collecting data, the Dasawisma have a series of questions at hand, including the condition of the family, their education, the state of the houses and whether or not there are fire hazards around the house. The process of data collection is considerably fast, Tuty said, it takes 30 minutes per house. The citizens are asked to provide ID cards, family cards, birth certificates, marriage or divorced certificates, and other supporting documents. The utilization of data will help the government build a better place for the citizens, such as better housing, healthcare, education, economy and environment.
Responding to this program with enthusiasm, Rizky from IYKRA—a startup that focuses on data processing—stated that essentially, data is a great source for the government especially for decision-makers.
In the term ‘Data to Policy’ he explained that to improve one’s city, data is needed to predict the steps to be taken. The way it works is to have data extracted, transformed and loaded into a central data warehouse, where these data will be analyzed according to governance framework. Policy decisions will then be made using predictive modelling and sentiment analysis.
Up until February 2020, out of 3.5 million families in Jakarta, 2.1 million have been recorded, and 7.2 individuals have also been recorded. As an on-looker, this is a big number to see, and it raises concern on how safe these data are being kept, knowing many instances where personal and private data are being misused.
Tuty stated that there is an active rule and policy, where people can get convicted if they misused private data. Collaboration between data consultant startup like IYKRA and government officials like PPAPP Agency, in the matter of processing, analyzing and securing data that result in policy making that will improve the state, conditions and lives of Jakartans is needed to actualize Jakarta as a smart city.