The year 2020 began with an unfortunate incident for Jakarta. Heavy rainfall showered the capital city on New Year’s Eve, resulting in massive flood in the city and neighboring areas. Though the flood has been a frequent problem for the capital city, this particular incident generated a malignant impact because it was the highest rainfall since 1866. Based on the rainfall recording from Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), the rainfall reached 377 mm/day at the Halim Air Force Station, 335 mm/day at the Taman Mini Station, and 259 mm/day at the Jatiasih BMKG Station.
There were 31,323 residents from 158 villages in Jakarta and surrounding displaced because their homes were flooded. Floods not only submerged residential areas, but also the Jakarta protocol roads. A number of public transportation ranging from Transjakarta, KRL, to flights at Halim Perdanakusuma airport was also forced to be cancelled due to flood. Jakarta and surrounding floods also claimed lives. Based on the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) data, there were 16 victims who died until a day after the New Year’s Eve.
Ngobrol Jakarta, an event presented by CoHive in collaboration with Jakarta Smart City, discussed the solution of this problem titled “Collaboration in Flood Management” (Kolaborasi dalam Penanganan Banjir). Held on Thursday, 30th of January 2020 in JSC Hive by CoHive, South Jakarta, the event discussed collaborative measures taken to manage Jakarta flood.
Three speakers from startups and government agencies shared their perspectives as well as insights on how this collaboration helps mitigate and manage Jakarta flood. They are Yudhistira Nugraha (Head of Management Unit of Jakarta Smart City), M. Ridwan (Head of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of BPBD), and Yadi Frans (Head Division of DERM Training Center of Aksi Cepat Tanggap).
Moderated by Intan Cinditiara (Public Relations Lead of CoHive), the discussion started with Yudhistira’s explanation about how Jakarta Smart City has helped Jakarta’s Governor actualize the vision and mission of creating Jakarta 4.0. His team has integrated digital technology to boost economic growth, increased welfare and quality of life of Jakartans, and developed sustainable cities. The involvement of the collaborator (Jakarta’s government) and co-creators (the people, academia, media, investors, and other local governments) are vital in actualizing these vision and mission.
Jakarta Smart City has developed a one-stop application called Jakarta Kini or “JAKI” which, in terms of flood mitigation, the app provides a feature, “Pantau Banjir”. This feature informs users about the state of the flood, starting from the warning stage, during the flood and post stage. During ‘warning’ period, a push-notification will be sent out informing the state of water gates, weather forecast and potential floods.
During the flood, 10 regional operators will inform about rainfall intensity and water gates to the respective districts. In the post-flood period, JSC will oversee any information regarding the flood (help needed, evacuation sites and shelters, and refugees), to boost coordination among collaborating partners.
Ridwan from Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD), explained about BPBD’s main task, which is to assure the coordination on disaster prevention and to control the situation in times of disaster. He also discussed the cycle of disaster aid, which is divided into four stages: mitigation (situation mapping), preparation (setting up posts for future evacuations), emergency response (evacuation and sending out basic needs for victims), and healing stage (reparations of environment, houses and facilities).
Furthermore, BPBD also prepared an application called “SITER”, an integrated information system that allows easy access for monitoring during and after disaster that can be accessed through siterbpbd.jakarta.go.id.
On the other hand, Aksi Cepat Tanggap as a non-profit organization, focused on voluntarily handling the victims. Yadi Frans from Aksi Cepat Tanggap further explained how ACT contributes to solving the flood together with the Provincial Government of Jakarta. According to him, Aksi Cepat Tanggap assigned 1.351 volunteers, and allocated their donations to 3.324 families and 38.220 victims. Aksi Cepat Tanggap has many rescue posts across Jakarta and neighboring cities, 14 regional rescue posts, 14 public kitchens, and 2 unit posts. Similar to BPBD, Aksi Cepat Tanggap also has their own cycle of disaster aid, which are preventive, mitigation/risk reduction, preparedness, emergency response, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
In conclusion, the government could not reduce the risk of flood and the mitigation process alone; the neighboring cities shall be engaged as well. Collaboration and alignment of long-term plans across cities and regions are required. Swathes of Jakarta and nearby towns were inundated after heavy rain fell at the turn of the year. The rainfall at the start of 2020 was one of the most extreme events since records began in 1866, according to Indonesia’s state weather agency.
Jakarta is no stranger to encroaching water. As a citizen, it is our duty to take part in preventing floods from happening, but it shall be more than just the usual mitigation efforts such as cleaning reservoirs and rivers from garbage and making sure that hundreds of its water pumps are in good condition. Jakarta citizens shall start a clean lifestyle by managing their household waste properly to minimize the chance of flooding in their neighborhood. The city needs people’s participation to clean their neighborhood so that the rivers and sewers can function normally